GATEWAY THEORY

 

The Myth of Marijuana’s Gateway Effect                        (news – undated)

http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/library/mjgate.htm

 

Marijuana And The Gateway Theory                   (full – 1996)

http://www.ukcia.org/research/gateway.php

 

Cannabis Use- A Gateway to other Drugs? The Case of Amsterdam                    (full – 1997)

http://www.cedro-uva.org/lib/cohen.cannabis.pdf

 

Does cannabis lead to taking other drugs?                    (faq – 1998)

http://www.ukcia.org/research/gateway2.php

 

Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol releases and facilitates the effects of endogenous enkephalins: reduction in morphine withdrawal syndrome without change in rewarding effect.  (abst – 2001)   http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11359533

 

Reassessing the gateway effect                   (full – 2002)

http://www.ukcia.org/research/ReassessingGatewayEffect.pdf

 

Twin study fails to prove ‘gateway’ hypothesis                     (letter – 2003)

http://www.ukcia.org/research/EscalationOfDrugUse/TwinStudyFailsToProveGateway.html

 

Is cannabis a stepping-stone for cocaine?                      (abst – 2003)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12842314

 

Endogenous cannabinoids are not involved in cocaine reinforcement                    (abst – 2004)  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T26-4CMHYKD-  1&_user=10&_coverDate=01%2F31%2F2005&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=  C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=01b53cd805067db7ca4e861a90579fac

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Study Questions Marijuana As Gateway Drug             (news – 2006)

http://www.drugfree.org/join-together/drugs/study-says-marijuana-is-no

 

No ‘Smoking’ Gun: Research Indicates Teen Marijuana Use Does Not Predict Drug, Alcohol Abuse        (news – 2006)                          http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/12/061204123422.htm

 

Gateway To Nowhere? The Evidence That Pot Doesn’t Lead To Heroin            (news – 2006)

http://www.thehempire.com/index.php/cannabis/news/gateway_to_nowhere_the_evidence_that_pot_doesnt

_lead_to_heroin

 

Study of 4000 indicates marijuana discourages use of hard drugs.             (news – 2008)

http://www.csdp.org/publicservice/medicalmj08.htm

 

Cannabidiol, a Nonpsychotropic Component of Cannabis, Inhibits Cue-Induced Heroin Seeking and Normalizes Discrete Mesolimbic Neuronal Disturbances (full – 2009)  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2829756/?tool=pmcentrez

 

Adolescent Exposure to Chronic Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Blocks Opiate Dependence in Maternally Deprived Rats                                                                             (full – 2009)  http://www.nature.com/npp/journal/v34/n11/full/npp200970a.html

 

CLAIM #13:MARIJUANA IS A “GATEWAY” TO THE USE OF OTHER DRUGS

(news – 2009)                http://www.erowid.org/plants/cannabis/cannabis_myth13.shtml

 

The Surprising Effect Of Marijuana On Morphine Dependence               (news – 2009)

http://www.physorg.com/news166196260.html

 

Active Ingredient In Cannabis Eliminates Morphine Dependence In Rats (news – 2009)                                       http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090706090440.htm

 

Evaluating the drug use “gateway” theory using cross-national data: Consistency and associations of the order of initiation of drug use among participants in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys.        (full – 2010)  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2835832/?tool=pubmed

 

Previous exposure to delta9-tetrahydrocannibinol enhances locomotor responding to but not self-administration of amphetamine.                                                           (abst – 2011)  http://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/ebm/record/21389094/abstract/Previous_exposure_to_delta9_t  etrahydrocannibinol_enhances_locomotor_responding_to_but_not_self_administration_of_amphetamine_

 

Alcohol as a Gateway Drug: A Study of US 12th Graders            (abst – 2012)

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2012.00712.x/abstract

 

Does the “gateway” sequence increase prediction of cannabis use disorder development beyond deviant socialization? Implications for prevention practice and policy.

(abst – 2012)                 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22365896

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