DRUG TESTING – URINE

 

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol: Metabolism and Disposition in Long-term Marihuana Smokers.     (abst – 1971)                                   http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/5087483

 

Confirmation of the Presence of 11-Hydroxy-r 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Urine of Marijuana Smokers         (full – 1972)  http://ajph.aphapublications.org/cgi/reprint/62/10/1394?maxtoshow=&hits=80&RESULTFORMAT=&fullt   ext=cannabis&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=3760&resourcetype=HWCIT

 

Detection of cannabis products in urine by radioimmunoassay.                   (full -1975)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1673774/?tool=pmcentrez&page=1

 

Homogeneous enzyme immunoassay for cannabinoids in urine.                    (full – 1978)

http://www.clinchem.org/cgi/reprint/24/1/95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Laboratory verification of “heavy” and “light” users of cannabis             (abst – 1981)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6267648

 

Persistence of Urinary Marijuana Levels After Supervised Abstinence.               (abst – 1982)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6287871

 

Passive inhalation of marihuana smoke and urinary excretion of cannabinoids (abst – 1983)                                    http://www.nature.com/clpt/journal/v34/n1/abs/clpt1983125a.html

 

Excretion patterns of cannabinoid metabolites after last use in a group of chronic users (full – 1985)                                  http://www.nature.com/clpt/journal/v38/n5/pdf/clpt1985226a.pdf

 

Contact highs and urinary cannabinoid excretion after passive exposure to

marijuana smoke             (full – 1986)    http://www.nature.com/clpt/journal/v40/n3/pdf/clpt1986171a.pdf

 

Cannabinoid intake by passive smoking              (abst – 1987)  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=3551865&dopt=abstract  plus

 

Marijuana-Laced Brownies: Behavioral Effects, Physiologic Effects, and Urinalysis in Humans Following Ingestion                                                             (abst – 1988)  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3184885

 

Cross-reactivity of selected compounds in the Abbott TDx cannabinoid assay. (abst– 1990)                                  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2175818

 

High urinary cannabinoids from a hashish body packer.              (abst – 1993)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8309221

 

Effect of freezing on the concentration of drugs of abuse in urine.               (abst – 1993)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8271786

 

Increased detection of marijuana use with a 50 micrograms/L urine screening cutoff. (full – 1994)                                  http://www.clinchem.org/cgi/reprint/40/11/2114

 

Hemp oil ingestion causes positive urine tests for Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol carboxylic acid           (full – 1997)  http://www.druglibrary.org/crl/drugtesting/Constantino%20et.al%2097%20Hemp%20Oil%20JAnToxicol.p  df

 

A procedure to overcome interferences caused by the adulterant “Klear” in the GC-MS analysis of 11-nor-delta9-THC-9-COOH.                                                       (full – 1997)  http://jat.oxfordjournals.org/content/21/3/240.long

 

Excretion of Cannabinoids in Urine After Ingestion of Cannabis Seed Oil.           (full – 1997)

http://jat.oxfordjournals.org/content/21/5/373.long

 

Marijuana-positive urine test results from consumption of hemp seeds in food products.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(abst – 1997)                http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9323528

 

Urinary excretion profiles of 11-nor-9-carboxy-delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol: a delta9- THCCOOH to creatinine ratio study.                                                       (abst – 1999)  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10517562

 

Adulteration of urine by “Urine Luck”.                (full – 1999)

http://www.clinchem.org/cgi/content/full/45/7/1051

 

Potassium nitrite reaction with 11-nor-delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid in urine in relation to the drug screening analysis                                                             (abst – 1999)  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10486947?ordinalpos=102&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.P   ubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum

 

Concentration of Marijuana Metabolites in the Urine After Ingestion of Hemp Seed Tea. (abst – 1999)                                      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10390703

Effects of pyridinium chlorochromate adulterant (urine luck) on testing for drugs of abuse and a method for quantitative detection of chromium (VI) in urine.                                          (full – 2000)  http://jat.oxfordjournals.org/content/24/4/233.long

 

Cannabinoid mimics in chocolate utilized as an argument in court               (abst – 2000)

http://chocolate.org/chocdefence.html

 

Evaluating the impact of hemp food consumption on workplace drug tests. (abst – 2001)                                     http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11765026

 

Delta9-tetrahydrocannabivarin as a marker for the ingestion of marijuana versus Marinol: results of a clinical study                                                      (abst – 2001)  http://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/ebm/record/11599601/abstract/

 

Effects of Stealth adulterant on immunoassay testing for drugs of abuse.             (full – 2002)

http://jat.oxfordjournals.org/content/25/6/466.long

 

Effects of oxidizing adulterants on detection of 11-nor-delta9-THC-9-carboxylic acid in urine.   (abst – 2002)                       http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12423000

 

Monitoring urinary excretion of cannabinoids by fluorescence-polarization immunoassay: a cannabinoid-to-creatinine ratio study.                                            (abst – 2002)  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12451292

 

A procedure for the detection of Stealth adulterant in urine samples.             (abst – 2002)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12776774

 

Effects of oxidizing adulterants on detection of 11-nor-delta9-THC-9-carboxylic acid in urine.   (abst – 2002)                         http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12423000

 

Nursing Home Residents Test Positive For Marijuana               (news – 2002)

http://www.cleartest.com/news/nursing-home-residents-test-positive-for-marijuana/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Urinary Cannabinoid Detection Times after Controlled Oral Administration of {Delta}9- Tetrahydrocannabinol to Humans                                                        (full – 2003)  http://www.clinchem.org/cgi/content/full/49/7/1114

 

Urinary excretion profiles of 11-nor-9-carboxy-Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol: a Delta9- THC-COOH to creatinine ratio study #2.                                                          (abst – 2003)  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12742686

 

Urinary excretion profiles of 11-nor-9-carboxy-Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol. Study III. A Delta9-THC-COOH to creatinine ratio study.                                                  (abst – 2003)  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14609657

 

Urinary excretion profiles of 11-nor-9-carboxy-delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol and 11- hydroxy-delta9-THC: cannabinoid metabolites to creatinine ratio study IV.

(abst – 2004)                http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15240035

 

Passive Inhalation of Cannabis Smoke.               (abst – 2004)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6149279

 

Papain: a novel urine adulterant.                        (abst – 2005)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16105251

 

Detection time of regular THC use in urine shorter than often assumed              (abst – 2006)

http://www.cannabis-med.org/english/bulletin/ww_en_db_cannabis_artikel.php?id=213

 

The effects of adulterants and selected ingested compounds on drugs-of-abuse testing in urine.   (full – 2007)                     http://ajcp.ascpjournals.org/content/128/3/491.long

 

Simultaneous GC–EI-MS Determination of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, 11-Hydroxy-Δ9- Tetrahydrocannabinol, and 11-nor-9-Carboxy-Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in Human Urine Following Tandem Enzyme-Alkaline Hydrolysis  (full – 2007)  http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=2689549&tool=pmcentrez

 

Urine drug test interpretation: what do physicians know?             (abst – 2007)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17520987

 

Family physicians’ proficiency in urine drug test interpretation.              (abst – 2007)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18290585

 

Toxicity From the Use of Niacin to Beat Urine Drug Screening                (abst – 2007)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17418450?log$=activity

 

Urine Drug Screening: Practical Guide for Clinicians               (full – 2008)  http://mayoclinproc.highwire.org/content/83/1/66.full?maxtoshow=&hits=80&RESULTFORMAT=&fullte  xt=cannabinoid&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=1520&resourcetype=HWCIT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Urinary elimination of 11-nor-9-carboxy-delta9-tetrahydrocannnabinol in cannabis users during continuously monitored abstinence.                                                  (full – 2008)  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2587336/?tool=pubmed

 

Interpreting Urine Cannabinoid Results Renewed vs Residual                (full – 2009)  http://www.medical.siemens.com/siemens/en_GLOBAL/gg_diag_FBAs/files/Drug_Testing/Education/070  1520-UC1_Cannabinoid_Issues_FINAL.pdf

 

Do Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol concentrations indicate recent use in chronic cannabis users?   (full – 2009)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2784185/?tool=pmcentrez

 

Extended urinary Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol excretion in chronic cannabis users precludes use as a biomarker of new drug exposure.                                                                 (full – 2009)  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2763020/?tool=pubmed

 

Short communication: Urinary excretion of 11-nor-9-carboxy-Delta(9)- tetrahydrocannabinol in a pregnant woman following heavy, chronic cannabis use. (letter – 2009)

http://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/ebm/record/20040136/abstract/Short_communication:_Urinar       y

 

_excretion_of_11_nor_9_carboxy_Delta_9 vy_chronic_cannabis_use_


tetrahydrocannabinol_in_a_pregnant_woman_following_hea

 

 

Identifying New Cannabis Use with Urine Creatinine-Normalized THCCOOH Concentrations and Time Intervals Between Specimen Collections.                                                                        (abst – 2009)  http://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/ebm/record/19470219/abstract/Identifying_New_Cannabis_Us  e_with_Urine_Creatinine_Normalized_THCCOOH_Concentrations_and_Time_Intervals_Between_Speci  men_Collections_

 

Urinary toxicological screening: Analytical interference between niflumic acid and cannabis.       (abst – 2009)  http://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/ebm/record/19716686/abstract/%5BUrinary_toxicological_scre ening:_Analytical_interference_between_niflumic_acid_and_cannabis_%5D

 

Evaluation of a Human On-site Urine Multidrug Test for Emergency Use With Dogs (abst – 2009)  http://www.jaaha.org/cgi/content/abstract/45/2/59?maxtoshow=&hits=80&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=  cannabis&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=3200&resourcetype=HWCIT

 

Passive inhalation of cannabis smoke–is it detectable?               (abst – 2009)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19151803

 

Urine Drug Screening: A Valuable Office Procedure                (full – 2010)

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p635.html

 

Delta9-tetrahydrocannabivarin testing may not have the sensitivity to detect marijuana use among individuals ingesting dronabinol.                                                    (full – 2010)  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2815025/?tool=pubmed

 

Interpreting Urine Cannabinoid Results Renewed vs Residual           (full – 2010)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.docstoc.com/docs/34398648/Interpreting-Urine-Cannabinoid-Results-Renewed-vs-Residual

 

Testing for cannabis in the work-place: a review of the evidence.               (abst – 2010)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20402984

 

Quantitation of Total 11-Nor-9-Carboxy-Delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in Urine and Blood Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS).                                             (abst – 2010)  http://marijuana.researchtoday.net/archive/7/1/2746.htm

 

Differentiating new cannabis use from residual urinary cannabinoid excretion in chronic, daily cannabis users.                                                (abst – 2010)  http://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/ebm/record/21134021/abstract/Differentiating_new_cannabis_  use_from_residual_urinary_cannabinoid_excretion_in_chronic_daily_cannabis_users_

 

Detection of cannabigerol and its presumptive metabolite in human urine after Cannabis consumption.    (abst – 2010)                            http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20614687

 

Screening for the synthetic cannabinoid JWH-018 and its major metabolites in human doping controls.   (abst – 2010)                               http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20872894

 

Now, There’s a Test for That — Norchem’s “Fake Marijuana” Test Reveals Significantly Increased Abuse of Spice/K2                                              (news – 2010)

http://www.marketwire.com/press-release/Now-Theres-Test-That-Norchems-Fake-Marijuana-Test-  Reveals-Significantly-Increased-Abuse-1356247.htm

 

The current status of community drug testing via the analysis of drugs and drug metabolites in sewage    (link to PDF– 2011)  http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=abstract&id=919610&q1=cannabinoid&f1=all&b1=or&q2=cannabis&f2=a ll&recNo=14&uiLanguage=en

 

A method for CP 47, 497 a synthetic non-traditional cannabinoid in human urine using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.                                                   (abst – 2011)  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21233028

 

Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis of urine specimens for K2 (JWH-018) metabolites.                                                    (abst– 2011)     http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21871158

 

Zinc Reduces the Detection of Cocaine, Methamphetamine, and THC by ELISA Urine Testing. (abst – 2011)   We need 8 to 11 mg of zinc daily; over 40 mg/day can cause zinc poisoning.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21740689

 

Concentrations of delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol and 11-nor-9- carboxytetrahydrocannabinol in blood and urine after passive exposure to Cannabis smoke in a coffee shop.         (abst – 2011)    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20465865

 

Quantitative measurement of JWH-018 and JWH-073 metabolites excreted in human urine.        (abst – 2011)                         http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21506519

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Differentiating new cannabis use from residual urinary cannabinoid excretion in chronic, daily cannabis users.                                                (abst – 2011)       http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21134021

 

Efavirenz interference in urine screening immunoassays for tetrahydrocannabinol. (abst – 2011)                                       http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22067092

 

NMS Labs & Cerilliant Announce Identification Of Major Metabolite Of The Synthetic Cannabinoid JWH-073                                                (news – 2011)    http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/226597.php

 

What Causes False Positives in Marijuana Drug Testing?                 (news – 2011)  http://www.livestrong.com/article/192876-what-causes-false-positives-in-marijuana-drug-  testing/#ixzz21IdMdpfG

 

Characterization of In Vitro Metabolites of CP 47,497, a Synthetic Cannabinoid, in Human Liver Microsomes by LC-MS/MS.                                                                (full – 2012)  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2012.02261.x/full

 

Impact of Lowering Confirmatory Test Cutoff Value in Pre-Enlistment Urine Cannabinoids Screening: About Five Years’ Experience in the French Gendarmerie. (abst – 2012)           http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22933660

 

Comparison of Random and Postaccident Urine Drug Tests in Southern Indiana Coal Miners.     (abst – 2012)                            http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22895464

 

Unexpected interference of baby wash products with a cannabinoid (THC) immunoassay. (abst – 2012)                                    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22465236

 

Unresolved Discrepancies between Cannabinoid Test Results for Infant Urine (abst – 2012)                                  http://www.clinchem.org/content/58/9/1364.short?rss=1

 

Strange Reason for Baby’s Positive Pot Test Found              (news – 2012)

http://ca.news.yahoo.com/strange-reason-babys-positive-pot-test-found-120630522.html

 

Baby Soaps and Shampoos Trigger Positive Marijuana Tests                (news – 2012)  http://healthland.time.com/2012/06/19/baby-soaps-and-shampoos-trigger-positive-marijuana-   tests/#ixzz21IE9aajD

 

Cannnabinoids, Breast Milk, and Development            (news – 2012)

http://www.examiner.com/article/cannnabinoids-breast-milk-and-development

 

Broncos Linebacker Failed Two Drug Tests By Providing ‘Non-Human Urine’ (news – 2012)

http://www.thepostgame.com/blog/dish/201207/broncos-linebacker-failed-two-drug-tests-providing-non-  human-urine

 

Study: Imposition Of Per Se Limits For Drugs Don’t Reduce Traffic Deaths (news – 2013)

http://norml.org/news/2013/01/17/study-imposition-of-per-se-limits-for-drugs-don-t-reduce-traffic-deaths

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